GEMARIAH

GEMARIAH (Heb. גְּמַרְיָהוּ, גְּמַרְיָה; "Yahu has accomplished"), two biblical figures. (1) Gemariah son of Hilkiah was one of Zedekiah's emissaries to Nebuchadnezzar, who brought the letter written by Jeremiah to the elders in exile (Jer. 29:3). He is mentioned nowhere else. Although Jeremiah's father was also named Hilkiah that is probably coinicidental. (2) Gemariah son of Shaphan was a high official in the time of Jehoiakim (Jer. 36:10). He was a member of one of the influential pro-Babylonian families in the last days of Judah (see shaphan ), and was also one of the royal officers on friendly terms with Jeremiah. Baruch read Jeremiah's scroll in Gemariah's chamber (Jer. 36:10–12). The latter's son Micaiah reported this to Jehoiakim, who ordered the scroll destroyed after it was read to him. Gemariah was among the officials who tried to dissuade him. The mention of Gemariah's chamber in the Temple is interesting, yet the reason for his having one is not entirely clear. Such chambers were commonly intended for priests and levites (Neh. 10:38–39; 13:4–9; I Chron. 9:26, 33) and also for high officials of the king (II Kings 23:11; Jer. 35:4), but the purpose of these chambers is unknown (cf. I Sam. 9:22; Neh. 13:4–9). A bulla (stamp-seal impression) reading lgmryhw n špn, "belonging to Gemariahu (so)n of Shaphan," was found in excavations in Jerusalem. The name Gemariahu son of Hizziliahu occurs on the lachish ostraca . -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Yeivin, in: Tarbiz, 12 (1940–41), 255, 257–8. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: W. Holladay, Jeremiah 2 (1989), 140; S. Ahituv, Handbook of Ancient Hebrew Inscriptions (1992), 32–3, 128–29.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gemariah —    Jehovah has made perfect.    1) The son of Shaphan, and one of the Levites of the temple in the time of Jehoiakim (Jer. 36:10; 2 Kings 22:12). Baruch read aloud to the people from Gemariah s chamber, and again in the hearing of Gemariah and… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Gemariah — There are two people of this name: 1) The son of Shaphan who tried to save Jeremiah s scroll from being burnt up (Jer. 36:10 ff.). 2) The son of Hilkiah who took Jeremiah s letter to Babylon to encourage the exiles to settle down (Jer. 29:3).… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • Jeremiah 36 — 1 And it came to pass in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, that this word came unto Jeremiah from the LORD, saying, 2 Take thee a roll of a book, and write therein all the words that I have spoken unto thee against… …   The King James version of the Bible

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  • SHAPHAN — (Heb. ןָפָש; rock badger, hyrax, coney ), son of Azaliah, Josiah s scribe and the head of one of the most influential and pro Babylonian families in the last days of Judah (II Kings 22:3). Shaphan was one of the messengers sent by the king to the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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